ERIC Number: ED366616
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1994
Testing in America's Schools. Policy Information Report.
Barton, Paul E.; Coley, Richard J.
This report provides a profile of state testing programs in 1992-93, as well as a view of classroom testing practices by state, school district, school, or individual teacher. Information, taken from a variety of sources, including the National Assessment of Educational Progress and a General Accounting Office study, indicates that the multiple-choice test remains dominant. The most prevalent purposes of state programs are accountability, instructional improvement, and program evaluation. Virtually all states test in mathematics and language, and most also test in science, writing, and social studies. Thirty-eight programs include writing samples, and 34 states use norm-referenced tests while 34 use criterion-referenced tests. Seventeen use some form of performance assessment, and six collect student portfolios. At least 36 percent of all students were tested in state programs in 1992-93. Only one state uses a norm-referenced test for high school graduation purposes, while 20 use criterion-referenced tests. In the classroom, in contrast, non-multiple-choice tests appear to be the predominant mode. It is also concluded that patterns of traditional and alternative testing in the classroom are very similar for students of different races, ethnicity, ability groups, and resource adequacy. Fifteen figures and three tables present study information. Document notes refer readers to information sources. Four appendix tables amplify the information. (SLD)
Descriptors: Ability, Accountability, Achievement Tests, Alternative Assessment, Criterion Referenced Tests, Disadvantaged Youth, Educational Diagnosis, Educational Practices, Educational Testing, Elementary Secondary Education, Essay Tests, Ethnic Groups, Instructional Improvement, Language Tests, Mathematics Tests, Multiple Choice Tests, Norm Referenced Tests, Performance Based Assessment, Portfolios (Background Materials), Profiles, Program Evaluation, Racial Differences, School Districts, Standardized Tests, State Programs, Teacher Made Tests, Test Use, Testing Programs, Writing Tests
Policy Information Center, Mail Stop 04-R, Educational Testing Service, Rosedale Road, Princeton, NJ 08541-0001 ($7.50 prepaid).
Publication Type: Numerical/Quantitative Data; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Educational Testing Service, Princeton, NJ. Policy Information Center.
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A