ERIC Number: ED366488
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1994-Jan
Reference Count: N/A
Rural Children: Increasing Poverty Rates Pose Educational Challenges. Briefing Report to the Chairwoman, Congressional Rural Caucus, House of Representatives.
General Accounting Office, Washington, DC. Health, Education, and Human Services Div.
Large numbers of children in America's rural areas are poor and face growing risks to their success in school. Increases in poverty and other demographic changes will challenge rural schools' ability to help their children meet high educational standards. Changes in poverty among rural children also will affect the amount of Chapter 1 funding that rural areas receive. The number and characteristics of poor rural children were determined from a special tabulation of data from the 1980 and 1990 censuses. During the 1980s, the total number of rural children decreased by 6.7 percent, but the number of poor rural children increased by 2.5 percent. Other risk factors prevalent among poor rural children included a 26 percent increase in the number of single-parent families headed by women and a continued high percentage of parents with low education levels. Poverty rates among rural children were highest in the Southwest and the South, and were higher among minority groups than among whites. Recently proposed changes in the criteria for county eligibility for Chapter 1 grants would affect more rural counties than urban counties and more rural children than urban children. About 12 percent of all rural poor children live in counties that would lose eligibility for Chapter 1 concentration grants. Appendices contain graphs, figures, and data tables; methodology; and numbers of poor rural children and all poor children by state and ethnic group. (SV)
Descriptors: Census Figures, Children, Demography, Elementary School Students, Elementary Secondary Education, Federal Aid, High Risk Students, Low Income Counties, Minority Groups, Poverty, Poverty Areas, Racial Differences, Rural Population, Rural Schools, Secondary School Students
U.S. General Accounting Office, P.O. Box 6015, Gaithersburg, MD 20884-6015 (1 copy, free; 2-99, $2 each; over 99, $1.50 each).
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Numerical/Quantitative Data
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: General Accounting Office, Washington, DC. Health, Education, and Human Services Div.