ERIC Number: ED366468
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1993
Reference Count: N/A
Observational Study of Early Childhood Programs. Final Report. Volume I: Life in Preschool.
Layzer, Jean I.; And Others
This study of 119 preschool programs in 5 states was designed to describe the classroom experiences of economically or educationally disadvantaged 4-year-old children and to examine linkages between characteristics of early childhood programs and the activities of the children and teachers in the classroom. Chapters 1 and 2 describe the context for the study and the study design. Chapter 3 reports the characteristics of the programs, classrooms, and staff observed, while chapter 4 chronicles the classroom day with regard to activities, groupings, and supervision. Chapters 5 and 6 examine interactions in the classroom and the measurement and prediction of the quality of the classroom experience, while chapter 7 presents the study's conclusions. Among the findings are that: (1) preschoolers spent over half their time in activities believed to foster cognitive growth; (2) in a substantial number of classrooms, activities that would be expected to be included in the daily curriculum, such as story-time or science and natural world activities, did not occur; and (3) lower child to staff ratios, higher teacher education levels, and higher levels of parent involvement were associated with all global measures of classroom quality. Implications of these results are also discussed. Three appendixes provide supporting tabular data, a profile of the "classroom snapshot" observational tool, and descriptions of four global quality measures. Includes 73 references. (MDM)
Descriptors: Class Activities, Classroom Observation Techniques, Classroom Research, Day Care Effects, Disadvantaged Youth, Educational Attainment, Educational Quality, Parent Participation, Preschool Curriculum, Preschool Education, Preschool Evaluation, Teacher Attitudes, Teacher Student Relationship
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Numerical/Quantitative Data
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Department of Education, Washington, DC. Office of the Under Secretary.
Authoring Institution: Development Assistance Corp., Dover, NH.; RMC Research Corp., Portsmouth, NH.; Abt Associates, Inc., Cambridge, MA.
IES Cited: ED555737