ERIC Number: ED366294
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1993
Reference Count: N/A
National Collaboratories: Applying Information Technology for Scientific Research.
National Academy of Sciences - National Research Council, Washington, DC. Computer Science and Telecommunications Board.
The Committee on a National Collaboratory: Establishing the User-Developer Partnership was charged to study and report on the need for and potential of information technology to support collaboration in the conduct of scientific research. To do this, the committee focused on three discrete areas of scientific investigation: (1) oceanography, in which the difficulty and expense of gathering data and the interdependence of modelers and experimentalists provide motivation for greater collaboration; (2) space physics, which has of necessity used extensive computational technology in the analysis of data collected by cooperatively fielded space- and ground-based instruments; and (3) gene mapping and sequencing research that has led to construction of and reliance on massive databases. The committee's investigations suggested technical requirements and social and practical issues that must be considered and dealt with as part of the process of initiating a national collaboratory program in support of scientific research. In conducting this study, the committee sought to identify common information technology needs that cross disciplines; identify specific information technology needs in three particular fields of science; increase awareness of the utility of information technology for the conduct of scientific research; and identify goals, objectives, and costs of developing collaboratories. (TMK)
Descriptors: Cooperation, Information Technology, Molecular Biology, Oceanography, Participative Decision Making, Scientific Research, Space Sciences
National Academy Press, 2101 Constitution Ave., N.W., Washington, DC 20418.
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Science Foundation, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: National Academy of Sciences - National Research Council, Washington, DC. Computer Science and Telecommunications Board.