NotesFAQContact Us
Search Tips
ERIC Number: ED366243
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1993-Dec
Pages: 257
Abstractor: N/A
ISBN: ISBN-1-878477-14-5
The American Freshman: National Norms for Fall 1993.
Astin, Alexander W.; And Others
This publication presents national norms for college freshmen in fall 1993 based on the 28th annual survey of 220,757 incoming students at 427 two- and four-year colleges and universities. Three major tables present the norms for type of institution and control for all freshmen, for men, for women; for universities by selectivity level and by sex; and for four-year colleges by selectivity level. An overview presents a summary of results and identifies major trends since the survey started in fall 1966. These indicate the following: (1) 65 percent of freshmen are planing to pursue advanced degrees after college; (2) the most freshmen ever (75.1 percent) cite being able to make more money as a "very important reason for attending college"; (3) the percentage of students applying to four or more colleges reached 22.2 percent compared to 19.1 percent the previous year; (4) a record number of freshmen reported high levels of stress (23.2 percent) or feeling depressed (9.4 percent); and (5) students' secondary school grades reached the highest levels ever with 27 percent reporting averaged grades of A minus or higher. Extensive appendixes contain information on research methodology, the survey instrument, coding schemes, institutions participating in the survey, data precision, and a sample report furnished to participating campuses. (JB)
Higher Education Research Institute, Graduate School of Education, 3005 Moore Hall, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90024-1521 ($20, plus $3 handling and shipping).
Publication Type: Numerical/Quantitative Data
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: California Univ., Los Angeles. Higher Education Research Inst.; American Council on Education, Washington, DC.
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A
Note: For the Fall 1992 report, see ED 352 891.