ERIC Number: ED366193
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1990
Towards Teaching a "Grammar of Culture."
It is proposed that for second language learners to develop communicative competence, their instruction must address the sociolinguistic, discourse, and strategic aspects of target language use. These three aspects of communicative competence are termed the "grammar of culture," and they are essential to understanding what is appropriate in intercultural communication. In support of this concept, a survey of 70 native speakers of Brunei-Malay that investigated their perceptions of native English-speakers' attitudes and language behaviors is reported. Subjects were first-year university students. The survey focused on perceptions of English-speakers' use of greetings and leave-takings in relation to levels of formality, intimacy, friendship, and abruptness in social encounters. Results suggest that different types of communicative style can damage the communication process, lead to misinterpretation and breakdown, and ultimately result in such problems as ethnic stereotyping and prejudice. Further study of intercultural communication and integration of cross-cultural training into second language instruction are seen as necessary to equip language learners with the skills for effective, confident communication. (MSE)
Descriptors: Communicative Competence (Languages), Cross Cultural Training, English (Second Language), Foreign Countries, Intercultural Communication, Language Attitudes, Language Role, Language Styles, Malay, Native Speakers, Pragmatics, Second Language Instruction, Second Languages, Sociocultural Patterns, Uncommonly Taught Languages
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: In Sarinee, Anivan, Ed. Language Teaching Methodology for the Nineties. Anthology Series 24; see FL 021 739.