ERIC Number: ED366192
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1990
Language, Literature, and Critical Practice.
Critical linguistics, an area of study within linguistics that has developed since the 1970s, is discussed. Critical linguistics argues that different groups, societies, and ideologies have different understandings of reality because they classify and categorize with and through language in different ways. Therefore, meaning is not something contained within the words of discourse (that is, literature) but has to be formed within each user of the language. This concept is illustrated in the analysis of a simple English sentence, analyzed as it would be perceived and classified by the reader/"critic." It is proposed that heretofore, linguistic theory has focused too narrowly on understanding the system of language, resulting in too little attention paid to formation of meaning in discourse analysis. The apparent subjectivity of this kind of analysis, criticized by some, is seen as an essential element of understanding. It is argued that this new perspective calls for a reconsideration of language teaching methodology, stressing the connections between linguistic structure and social structure and viewing language as ideology applicable to analysis of all forms of discourse. (MSE)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: In Sarinee, Anivan, Ed. Language Teaching Methodology for the Nineties. Anthology Series 24; see FL 021 739.