ERIC Number: ED366066
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1993-Nov
Reference Count: N/A
Education Reform: Federal Initiatives and National Mandates, 1963-1993. Occasional Paper 1993-3.
Levitan, Sar A.; Gallo, Frank
The federal government initiated educational reform measures in the United States long before the subject became a matter of national concern. In recent decades, reform has focused on helping children whose special needs were neglected by the school system. Evidence shows that these efforts have improved services to neglected groups, but without increases in federal funding. Still, the role of the federal government in shaping elementary and secondary education is likely to grow during the 1990s. That role is more likely to be in systemic school reform through the design of curricula, model texts, tests, equipment, and the hiring of staff to free up teachers for instruction. Improving preschool education and the transition from school to work will also be emphasized. This report suggests that federal intervention is necessary if systemic education reform is to be successful. Included is a review of major federal initiatives from Head Start through high school. Other topics discussed are: Chapter 1, students with disabilities (special) education, bilingual education, and vocational education. Reforms outside the school system, improving the basic educational system through national standards and tests, teacher education, text and equipment improvement, staff increases, and school-to-work programs are also considered. A general overview of federal education policy concludes the document. (JPT)
Descriptors: Educational Change, Educational Development, Elementary Secondary Education, Federal Government, Federal Programs, Public Schools, School Restructuring
Public Interest Publications, 3030 Clarendon Blvd., Suite 200, Arlington, VA 22201 ($6).
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: George Washington Univ., Washington, DC. Center for Social Policy Studies.