ERIC Number: ED365965
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1994
Reference Count: N/A
Fifth Grade Students' Search for Information in a Textbook. Reading Research Report No. 7.
Dreher, Mariam Jean; Sammons, Rebecca Bell
Fifty-nine fifth-grade students were asked to use an unfamiliar textbook on a familiar topic to locate the answers to three questions, all of which contained terms that could be found in the book's index. As an analysis of covariance indicated, those who were asked guiding questions before and during their search were more successful in locating information than their counterparts who were simply asked to search. Reading comprehension was a statistically significant covariate. An examination of the information-access structures (e.g., index, table of contents) used by students indicated that those who were unsuccessful relied heavily on the table of contents and/or paging through the text despite the very specific nature of the questions. Most students who were successful in completing a search task used the book's index. The guiding questions appeared to have promoted success by increasing the likelihood that students would think of and actually use the index during their search. Although index use did not guarantee success, very few students who did not use the index were successful in answering questions. (One table of data is included; 18 references and the questions along with an explanation of how the questions were related to the answers in the text are attached.) (Author/RS)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: National Reading Research Center, Athens, GA.; National Reading Research Center, College Park, MD.