ERIC Number: ED365945
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1993-Dec
Parents and Teachers Working Together toward Literacy: Views from the Past and Goals for the Future.
Sturtevant, Elizabeth G.; Linek, Wayne M.
Both teachers and parents throughout American history have expressed concern about communication between school and home, and have wondered what role each should play in educating children. John Dewey and Edmund Huey, early in the 20th century, believed that home influences were very important for reading development. Starting in the late 1940s, American educators' attitudes toward parental involvement in literacy education moved from tentative interest to great concern. Literacy methods textbooks, strands of literacy research, school district programs, and government funding both reflected and affected these changing views. Through the 1950s, the topic of parental involvement gained an improved but still quite limited place in reading methods textbooks. Literacy research conducted in the 1960s and 1970s continued to support the development of parent involvement programs and helped steer their direction. Much of the parent involvement related to federally funded school programs was guided by the belief that schools must compensate for poor children's "culturally deprived" backgrounds before literacy learning could take place. The 1980s were a time of increased interest in parent involvement, which appears to be growing even stronger during the 1990s. Current textbooks usually discuss the value of communicating with parents but sometimes provide only limited suggestions. Schools in the 1990s are working toward an improved relationship with families and communities, but connections between schools and families are not easily achieved. (A chart listing the historical trends in family/school relationships is included; contains 87 references.) (RS)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Historical Materials
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the National Reading Conference (43rd, Charleston, SC, December 1-4, 1993).