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ERIC Number: ED365908
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1993
Pages: 26
Abstractor: N/A
The Effects of Differential Timing of Maternal Return to Work.
Chambliss, Catherine; Sheller, Kellianne
This study examined the relationship between maternal employment and college students' perceptions of the consequences of maternal employment and their own plans for future workplace involvement, as well as the degree to which this varies according to gender. It was hypothesized that the attitudes and preferences of adult children would be dependent upon the age at which the subject's mother returned to, or began to, work outside the home. College student subjects (N=335) completed demographic questionnaires and answered questions concerning their career and family expectations. Subjects also completed the Beliefs about the Consequences of Maternal Employment for Children (BACMEC), the Childhood Appraisal Scale (CAS), and disclosed information about their own mother's work status at each stage of their development (infancy, preschool, childhood, and adolescence). The findings suggest that maternal employment history affected students' perceptions of the costs and benefits associated with having a working mother. Subjects whose mothers did not return to work perceived greater costs associated with maternal employment than did subjects whose mothers immediately returned to work. Daughters tended to view maternal employment as more beneficial and less detrimental to children than did sons. Other findings suggest that the subjects whose mothers were home with them initially and then returned to work formed both a close initial relationship with their mothers, and then with the return to work, the mothers became a positive role model. (NB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A