ERIC Number: ED365580
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1993-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Human Resources for Science and Technology: The Asian Region.
Johnson, Jean M.
This document is a summary of the situations of six Asian nations (The People's Republic of China, Japan, Singapore, South Korea, Taiwan, and India) compared to the United States in science and technology education. The paper includes a table of the production of bachelor of science degrees in science and engineering in 1990, comparing the Asian countries as a group with the United States. Graphs of human resources discuss growth in enrollment in higher education, ratio of university enrollments to college age population, and higher education degree data. Degree information is broken down into degrees in the natural sciences and engineering. A chart shows the number and percentage of Asian students from each of the countries in question who study natural sciences or engineering at U.S. universities at the doctoral and bachelor levels. The ratio of science and engineering degrees to total degrees is represented. Expenditures for research and development are compared between the Asian countries and the United States, as are science and engineering personnel. Growth rate in gross domestic product is represented. After the general comparisons, each of the six Asian nations is discussed individually. Implications for the United States include the continuation of Asian countries' use of the U.S. higher education system. Foreign graduate student enrollment in U.S. universities and preference for natural science and engineering degrees will maintain U.S. doctoral program's strong emphasis on natural science and engineering. These nations will challenge the United States, for the personnel educated in U.S. universities for their own high technology economies. (DK)
Descriptors: Asian Studies, Comparative Analysis, Degrees (Academic), Engineering, Engineering Education, Foreign Countries, Foreign Students, Graphs, Higher Education, Human Capital, Human Resources, Natural Sciences, Productivity, Research and Development, Science Education, Scientific Personnel, Student Participation, Technology
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: China; India; Japan; Singapore; South Korea; Taiwan