ERIC Number: ED365462
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1993-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
What Parents Tell Their Children: More than Words Can Say.
Wood, R. Michael; Passman, Richard H.
Parents often use vocal responses to control their child's behavior; most analyses of vocal controls have only examined the verbal content of those controls. To examine the roles of content and form (pitch, loudness) within vocal controls, 32 parents responded to their child's apparent performance. Parents received information about their child's performance on a computer screen. Each performance message was repeated 12 times, resulting in 60 trials, and the parents' vocal responses were tape-recorded. As expected, the content of parents' responses was logically related to their child's performance. Pitch, loudness, and duration increased as errors and misbehaviors were repeated. Changes in the vocal effector system (fatigue) were eliminated as explanations of the observed results. Results indicated that form is an independent and important component of parents' vocal controls. (Author/MDM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A