ERIC Number: ED365424
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1992
A Comparison of Cognitive Teaching Stimuli in a First Grade Classroom.
Sigrest, Christine E.
A study assessed the effectiveness of three cognitive levels of instruction with first graders--three-dimensional (3-D) instruction using real objects, two-dimensional (2-D) instruction using picture representations, and verbal instruction. The study population included 18 first-grade students between the ages of 6 and 8 at a small elementary city school in Virginia. The children were randomly assigned to one of the three instructional conditions and taught about three exotic fruits. The 3-D group was taught using the real fruit in an active, hands-on, experiential manner. The 2-D group was taught using life-size drawings of the fruit on construction paper with the name of the fruit printed at the bottom of the page. The verbal group was taught with words. Pre- and post-test data were collected via self-evaluations of the children's knowledge about the fruit and how well they thought they could draw them, children's pictorial representations of the fruit, and oral tests of children's concepts of the fruit. The 3-D group did achieve higher results than the 2-D and verbal groups. The report includes a literature review, personal observations, and 19 references. The lesson plan and outlines of the pre- and post-test formats are appended. (AC)
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Comparative Analysis, Concept Formation, Elementary School Students, Grade 1, Illustrations, Instructional Effectiveness, Instructional Material Evaluation, Knowledge Level, Learning Activities, Manipulative Materials, Pictorial Stimuli, Primary Education, Teaching Methods, Three Dimensional Aids, Verbal Learning
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Teachers; Administrators; Policymakers; Practitioners
Authoring Institution: N/A