ERIC Number: ED364765
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1993-Nov
Reference Count: N/A
The Gender Gap in Yearly Earnings: Can Vocational Education Help?
Office of Special Populations Brief, v5 n2 Nov 1993
Recent research conducted by K. Gray and N. Huang (1993) provided new insights into the gender gap in yearly earnings. These researchers tested Terrell's (1992) hypothesis that the issue now is not equal educational opportunity, but inequality in the distribution of women among all occupations. The study examined the variables that affected the yearly wages of men and women in their mid-30s. The findings confirmed Terrell's research. Although education positively affected earnings of both women and men, its effect was greater for men. The most important variable affecting earnings of both genders was not education but occupation. The magnitude of this effect was larger for women than men. The implication was that narrowing the gender gap further would require breaking down gender barriers in certain higher paying occupations and that this was where secondary and postsecondary vocational education had a role to play. Noble (1992) pointed out that to the majority of women, the relevant issue was being stuck on the "sticky floor" of low wage occupations. High school and postsecondary vocational-technical education would have great potential to free women from the sticky floor by opening doors to high skills/high wage blue-collar technical occupations in the manufacturing, construction, communications, and transportation sectors. (YLB)
Publication Type: Collected Works - Serials
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Vocational and Adult Education (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: National Center for Research in Vocational Education, Berkeley, CA.