ERIC Number: ED364697
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1988
Reference Count: N/A
ET: Employment and Training Activities Serving Predominantly Low-Income Residents of Washington, D.C., with Limited Employment Qualifications.
Gregory, Vikki L.
To assess the scope of local employment and training (ET) activities as part of citywide efforts to reduce poverty, a project measured the current state of employment and training services in the District of Columbia. Interviews with local officials provided budget totals and information about the range of ET activities available to low-income District residents; ET programs were inventoried and recent data were extracted for analysis. Findings indicated that, in 1986, nearly $68 million was spent on ET services predominantly for low-income DC residents. The funds originated from six federal departments, two Congressional appropriations, City Council and District government agency reallocations, and foundations and private employers. The monies bought three general categories of services: skills development, job search, and support services. Three groups of providers of ET services were official, educational, and special needs sectors. ET funds were often targeted; federal funds were especially likely to be strict in their restrictions or requirements. Five occupational areas predominated in ET training programs: clerk typist, other clerical, kitchen helper, custodian, and housekeeper. Fewer than two-thirds of all participants who enrolled in the inventory programs successfully completed them. About 86 percent of program completers were placed in jobs. (Appendixes include the methodology, selected ET programs, and program list.) (YLB)
Descriptors: Career Education, Economically Disadvantaged, Employment Qualifications, Employment Services, Financial Support, Job Placement, Job Search Methods, Job Training, Low Income Groups, Poverty, Unskilled Workers
Committee on Strategies to Reduce Chronic Poverty, 1129 20th Street, N.W., Suite 204, Washington, DC 20036 ($12.50, students $6.25).
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Greater Washington Research Center, Washington, DC.
Identifiers - Location: District of Columbia