ERIC Number: ED364355
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1993-Mar-28
The Relation of Age and Reading Ability to Memory Processing.
Marrach, Alexa; Fireman, Gary
This study examined the relation of reading ability, age, and familiarity to iconic and short-term memory processing and how the familiarity of the stimuli affects recall. A total of 10 children in grades 2 through 6 and 10 adults were shown novel abstract forms, words, and non-words varying in order of approximation to English, for 50 msec., 500 msec., and 1,000 msec. Subjects were asked to recall either a row of items or as many of the items as possible. The number of recall errors reported by adults and children of varying reading abilities were compared. The results revealed that reading ability and age had significant effect on memory processing when words and non-words were displayed. With non-words, differences were greater for letter sequences that closely resembled English. No differences in recall were found between reading abilities and age groups when abstract forms were displayed. The results suggest that items in memory are primarily being coded phonologically rather than visually. (MDM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development (60th, New Orleans, LA, March 25-28, 1993).