ERIC Number: ED364243
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1990-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Computer-Based Instruction: Effect of Cognitive Style, Instructional Format, and Subject-Matter Content on Learning.
Brent, Linda J. Buehner
This report describes an experiment investigating the effects of cognitive style, presentation format, and task content on learning. Cognitive style was described in terms of hemisphericity (i.e., left- or right-brain influence on perception). Presentation format consisted of graphics, text, and a combination of the two. The tasks consisted of knowledge, skill, attitude, and decision-making. Fifty-nine college students participated in the study. In the knowledge task, subjects learned 10 pairs of words. In the skill task, subjects built an abstract model of a windmill. In the attitude task, subjects responded to facts and opinions on a current affairs topic. The decision-making task involved a maze problem. Subjects were tested immediately after training, 2 weeks after training, and again at four weeks after training. Results indicated the following: presentation format, gender, and hemisphericity all appeared to influence performance on the knowledge task. Presentation format and gender influenced performance on the skill task. Presentation format influenced performance on the decision-making task. Copies of skills tests, tables of dimensions of cognitive styles and possible instructional modifications for each style, and tables displaying statistical results of the study are appended. (Contains 26 references.) (Author/KRN)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Air Force Human Resources Lab., Wright-Patterson AFB, OH. Logistics and Human Factors Div.
Authoring Institution: Rochester Univ., NY. Graduate School of Education and Human Development.