ERIC Number: ED364114
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1993-Sep
Foreign Languages in Primary Schools: The National Pilot Projects in Scotland. Interchange No. 19.
Low, Lesley; And Others
A pilot program of foreign language instruction in Scottish elementary schools is evaluated. The program consisted of 12 projects in 76 elementary schools, articulated with their 12 associated secondary schools. French was taught in six projects, Spanish in four, and German and Italian in one each. Regular classroom teachers were trained and given support by a tutor-trainer. Evaluation of the projects focused on the language attainments of the participating children, especially in comparison with non-participants, and factors in the courses and methods that enhanced or inhibited language learning. Data were gathered by classroom observation, interviews with participating students, and interviews with teachers, trainers, regional supervisors. Findings include the following: Project participants performed better, especially at lower skill levels, at pronunciation and intonation, ability to initiate and respond in conversation, and use of more phrases and sentences than did non-participants. Grammatical accuracy was not better in this group. Some differences were found between target languages. Participants were found to be, overall, more confident in language use. Implications of the findings for regular elementary school teachers, secondary school modern language teachers, teacher collaboration, policy formation, teacher educators, and parents are outlined. (MSE)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Achievement Gains, Articulation (Education), Class Activities, Classroom Techniques, Elementary Secondary Education, FLES, Foreign Countries, French, German, Italian, Language of Instruction, Language Skills, Program Descriptions, Program Effectiveness, Program Evaluation, Second Language Instruction, Second Language Programs, Spanish, Teacher Education, Teacher Role
SOED Dissemination Officer, SCRE, 15 St. John Street, Edinburgh EH8 8JR, Scotland, United Kingdom (limited copies).
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Scottish Office Education Dept., Edinburgh.
Authoring Institution: Scottish Council for Research in Education.
Identifiers - Location: United Kingdom (Scotland)