ERIC Number: ED364010
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1993-Mar-27
Conceptual Issues in the Development of Vulnerable Infants: Findings from the Early Intervention Collaborative Study.
Shonkoff, Jack P.; And Others
These three papers report preliminary findings of an early intervention collaboration study on developmentally vulnerable infants and their families in Massachusetts and New Hampshire. Subjects, 190 infants with Down syndrome, motor impairment, or developmental delays of unknown etiology, were recruited from 29 community-based early intervention programs. Each child was evaluated at home, then again after 1 year of service, and at the time of the child's third birthday. The research design also calls for evaluating the child at 6 weeks after preschool entry, and at age 5. The study focuses on: first, the measured effects of distinct aspects of the early caregiving environment on child competence; second, tendencies toward stability in the adaptation of families of children with disabilities; and third, the existence of identifiable subgroups of children and families who demonstrate greater degrees of vulnerability or resilience. The second paper, by Marty Wyngaarden Krauss, specifically addresses stability and adaptation concluding that: (1) mothers in the study did not experience atypical amounts of depression or stress; (2) other sources of stress impact families of children with disabilities; (3) an increased risk for parental stress occurs as behavior problems become manifest; and (4) family cohesiveness and the informal support network serve different functions. The third paper, by Penny Hauser-Cram, focuses on outcomes for the subgroups of children with severe cognitive/psychomotor impairment, children with seizure disorders, and children whose mothers demonstrated large increases in their interactive parenting skills. (DB)
Descriptors: Child Development, Child Rearing, Coping, Developmental Disabilities, Disabilities, Downs Syndrome, Early Intervention, Family Environment, Family Problems, Infants, Interaction, Mothers, Parent Child Relationship, Preschool Education, Seizures, Severe Mental Retardation, Stress Variables, Toddlers
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Health Resources and Services Administration (DHHS/PHS), Rockville, MD. Bureau of Maternal and Child Health and Resources Development.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Papers presented at the Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development (60th, New Orleans, LA, March 27, 1993).