ERIC Number: ED363909
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1993-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
The Evolution of Parody from Miss Wyoming to Andrea Dworkin.
Ludlum, M. P.
This paper discuses whether outrageous parodies are and should be protected under the First Amendment. After presenting a definition and a brief history of parody humor, the paper then presents a brief description of the parties to this line of legal controversies. The paper describes the rationale of a line of separate parody cases involving Miss Wyoming, Jerry Falwell, Peggy Ault, Dorchen Leidholdt, and Andrea Dworkin regarding various parodies published in the sexually explicit magazines "Penthouse" and "Hustler." The paper next critiques the rationales of the court rulings in each of the cases, suggesting that court rulings were based on the ability of the masses to discern the difference between fact and fiction, between parody and factual news items. Noting that for parody to be effective, the audience must be aware of the subject being ridiculed as well as the fact that the presentation is a parody on the subject, the paper observes that adults have often been deceived by hoaxes spread over the mass media and that even college students often demonstrate a lack of political and historical knowledge needed to discern fact from fiction. The paper suggests that the warning of parody should be conspicuous. The paper concludes that the type and realism of parodies can increase with the advent of low-cost, high-quality video graphics, and that further research must develop specific warnings/notices on parodies. (Contains 31 references.) (RS)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: First Amendment