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ERIC Number: ED363906
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1993-Apr
Pages: 16
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Hate Speech on Small College Campuses.
Hemmer, Joseph J., Jr.
A study identified and evaluated the approach of small colleges in dealing with hate speech and/or verbal harassment incidents. A questionnaire was sent to the Dean of Students at 200 randomly-selected small (500-2000 students), private, liberal arts colleges and universities. Responses were received from 132 institutions, for a response rate of 66%. Data were placed in appropriate categories, quantified, and evaluated according to standards of constitutionality and effectiveness, as determined by a review of relevant court cases and scholarly literature. Results indicated that a majority of schools have neither a verbal harassment, nor a hate speech policy. Results also indicated that the schools which do have policies employ vague language; the terminology lacks precision in identifying offending behaviors. Findings suggest the following guidelines for developing a hate speech code: (1) uphold students' first amendment rights to voice hate ideas, but, at the same time, regulate unwanted hate epithets; (2) assume that harm inherently ensues from hate epithets; (3) respond to the vagueness and overbreadth concerns expressed by justices in federal court decisions; and (4) establish a range of sanctions which give primacy to educational rather than punitive purposes. (Seven figures of data are included.) (RS)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A