ERIC Number: ED363840
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1993
The Interaction of Gender with Health and Illness Patterns in the Family Life Cycle: A Review.
This document contends that gender has a significant impact on individual health status within the family. The Carter and McGoldrick (1989) family stage model is used to illustrate how gender and health interact within the family developmental process. The model of the traditional middle-class family life cycle is described as involving the following stages: the launching of the single young adult, the joining of families through marriage, the family with young children, the family with adolescents, the family at mid-life, and the family in later life. Each of these stages is seen as an epoch in which specific concerns or vulnerabilities occur in relation to gender and health. Health and gender issues for each of these stages are examined. For example, health issues considered in the first of these stages relate to Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) and mental illness, both of which involve significant gender differences. Citations from diverse sources illustrate characteristic health ramifications at each family stage. It is suggested that, depending upon the situation, gender can serve as either a vulnerability or protection factor. The document concludes that, although some gender-health disparities are due to physiology, many differences rest on socialization. A greater awareness of gender-health variations is considered helpful for anyone who works with families. (Author/NB)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A