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ERIC Number: ED363795
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1993-Dec-4
Pages: 26
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Vocational Education and Training Plays an Important Role in Taiwan's Economic Miracle.
Yuen, Steve Chi-Yin
The explosive economic growth and rising prosperity of Taiwan is linked to the country's system of vocational education. Paralleling Taiwan's rapid economic transformation has been the growth of its national educational system. Both the government and the private sector have been making concerted efforts to develop education, resulting in constant increases in educational expenditures, and the percent of Gross National Product allocated to education far exceeds that of many other richer nations. The number of schools and colleges has exploded and total school enrollment has increased fivefold since 1950. The vocational education system has also increased dramatically. Currently, there are about 150,000 vocational school students, 100,000 technical college students, and 2,000 institute of technology students graduating each year in Taiwan. The total number of 252,000 graduates from the technical and vocational education system far exceeds the 60,000 academic high school graduates or 40,000 college graduates each year. There are seven types of vocational schools in Taiwan: agricultural, industrial, commercial, marine products, nursing and midwifery, opera and arts, and home economics. Emphasis presently is on the expansion of industrial and maritime education while slowing the development of commercial schools and enriching the curricula of agricultural schools and readjusting home economic education according to needs. Taiwan's emphasis on mass vocational education extends to postsecondary level education, as evidenced by the creation of closer linkages between high schools and postsecondary institutions. Technical colleges are continuing to grow in importance. In addition, the government supports technical training and skills upgrading both in school and on the job for workers. Vocational education and training has had a major influence in providing the skilled labor force that has transformed Taiwan into one of the world's most powerful economies. (Contains 13 references.) (KC)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Taiwan