ERIC Number: ED363791
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1993-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
From the Bottom Up: Toward a Strategy for Income and Employment Generation among the Disadvantaged. An Interim Report.
O'Regan, Fred; Conway, Maureen
The Aspen Institute's ongoing action-research program, Local Employment Approaches for the Disadvantaged (LEAD), assessed 60 programs nationally. Local initiatives fell into four general categories, with numerous subcategories: self-employment, job training and placement, job creation and retention, and community-based finance. A second breakdown matches the types of programs encountered with five distinct client groups. Findings indicated that dramatically impressive model programs can be found across the spectrum of intervention strategies, and collectively these programs serve all levels of clients. The best of today's programs have the following characteristics: (1) they serve as empowerment vehicles by devolving responsibility for performance to clients while creating an atmosphere of dignity, discipline, and high expectation; (2) they link poverty alleviation directly to broader economic development goals; (3) they pursue market-based strategies, often sector-specific, that exploit market niches for clients; and (4) they seek to become sustainable elements of the local economy. An effective and sustainable strategy for poverty alleviation must combine the resources of the public, private, and philanthropic sectors in a coordinated fashion that plays to the strengths of each sector. Assistance must be decentralized in structure and responsive to local situations and institutions. A strong proactive element should accelerate dissemination and learning on best practice and support replication and continued innovation. (YLB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Mott (C.S.) Foundation, Flint, MI.; Joyce Foundation, Chicago, IL.; John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, Chicago, IL.
Authoring Institution: Aspen Inst., Queenstown, MD.