ERIC Number: ED363699
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1993-Oct
Reference Count: N/A
Comparative Analysis of Systems and Procedures for Certification of Qualifications in Force in the European Community. Summary and Tables.
CEDEFOP Flash, n6 Oct 1993
The procedures currently used in the 12 European Community (EC) member countries for certifying the employment qualifications of graduates of full-time vocational education and training programs and/or apprenticeship programs were compared. The comparison, which was based on information obtained from 12 national studies of EC members' education and vocational training systems, focused on the following: formulation and award of vocational training certificates; content and assessment; access to qualifications; certification; and trends and issues. Existing assessment and certification procedures were found to vary widely among the individual EC members. In France, for example, examinations are written according to a standard formula and taken by all candidates on one date, whereas in Germany local chambers of commerce and industry design and set their own examinations. Most countries that do not already have national assessment and certification procedures are in the process of instituting them, and there is a general trend toward upgrading vocational training certificates. Throughout the EC, efforts are being made to broaden access opportunities to all vocational training certificates. (Tables detailing the types of awards given by each EC member country by mode of acquisition, level of responsibility, and organization of assessment are appended.) (MN)
Publication Type: Collected Works - Serials; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, Berlin (Germany).