ERIC Number: ED363668
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1993-Sep
Reference Count: N/A
Chapter 1 Schoolwide Projects: Advantages and Limitations. ERIC/CUE Digest, Number 92.
Since 1981, Chapter 1 of the Education Consolidation and Improvement Act has provided school districts with supplementary services funds for more than five million low-achieving students. Historically, schools have used "pull-out" programs to serve this population, but the provisions of the current legislation, the Hawkins-Stafford School Improvement Amendments of 1988, allow schools with an enrollment of at least 75 percent low-income students to use Chapter 1 funds to create schoolwide projects for improving programs throughout the entire school. Considerable flexibility in the implementation of schoolwide projects is allowed, although there are some limitations. Projects usually include the following components: (1) supplementary and pull-out services; (2) staff development; (3) supplementary professional staff members; (4) family-oriented programs; (5) innovative practices; and (6) other enrichment programs. The benefits of schoolwide programs, in increased flexibility and improved services, are becoming apparent. Drawbacks do exist, however, including a lack of documented academic improvement coupled with high costs at some locations. Costs, time commitments, and the problems of program evaluation requirements also discourage some districts from committing to schoolwide projects. The as yet undeveloped potential of schoolwide projects means that their future implementation must be thoughtful and thorough. (Contains eight references.) (SLD)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Compensatory Education, Cost Effectiveness, Disadvantaged Youth, Educational Innovation, Educationally Disadvantaged, Elementary Secondary Education, Enrichment, Family Programs, Federal Programs, Low Achievement, Low Income Groups, Professional Development, Program Implementation, School Districts, Supplementary Education
ERIC Clearinghouse on Urban Education, Box 40, Teachers College, Columbia University, New York, NY 10027 (free).
Publication Type: ERIC Publications; ERIC Digests in Full Text
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: ERIC Clearinghouse on Urban Education, New York, NY.
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Education Consolidation Improvement Act Chapter 1; Hawkins Stafford Act 1988