ERIC Number: ED363614
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1993-Oct
Implementing Reciprocal Teaching: Was It Effective?
Al-Hilawani, Yasser A.; And Others
This study was conducted to explore the relationship between teaching methods and students' grades at the college level. Subjects, 58 undergraduate students enrolled in 2 introductory education courses, were organized into groups and exposed to one of two teaching methods: the lecture format and reciprocal teaching. Reciprocal teaching engages students acting as teachers and their "students" in four activities--summarizing, clarifying, questioning, and predicting. Multiple choice pre- and posttests measured students' performance in both sections on the two teaching methods. It was found that 70 percent of the participants liked the reciprocal teaching method used in the classroom. Results suggest that, for this sample, there was no relationship between instructional methods and achievement using the two methods and that students' ability could be a more important factor in learning than the teaching method employed. Results also suggest that the level of teacher effectiveness may be consistent across methods and that reciprocal teaching may be qualitatively an effective method of teaching reading comprehension. Based on these results, implications for further research are discussed. (Contains 37 references.) (LL)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Midwest Association of Teachers of Educational Psychology (Anderson, IN, October 1993).