ERIC Number: ED363613
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1993
Reference Count: N/A
Science Centre Education. Motivation and Learning in Informal Education. Research Report 119.
This study investigates student learning in science center exhibitions as a form of informal education and examines intrinsic, instrumental, and situational student motivation. Subjects (N=130) consisted of 6 comprehensive school classes of 7th graders in the greater Helsinki area. The design of the study was quasi-experimental with two pre-treatment groups (intrinsic vs. instrumental motivation) and a situational motivation group as the control. Classes were tested by an intrinsic/instrumental motivation test, and by a specific situation motivation test measuring the exhibition experience. A knowledge test measured the effects of a pre-lesson and the learning of isolated facts and entities. Results indicated: (1) the intrinsic treatment group did best in nearly all cognitive tests; (2) the situation motivation group performed better than expected; (3) instrumental motivation does not apply to informal learning; (4) the theory of intrinsic, instrumental, and situation motivation, at least in informal education, is confirmed; (5) the science center exhibition proved to be a motivating setting for learning; and (6) it would be instructive to apply these findings to formal education. Appendixes provide Finnish and English versions of the testing instruments. (Contains approximately 360 references.) (LL)
Descriptors: Cognitive Measurement, Exhibits, Experiential Learning, Foreign Countries, Grade 7, Informal Education, Junior High Schools, Learning Strategies, Museums, Science Education, Science Teaching Centers, Self Motivation, Situational Tests, Student Motivation
Department of Techer Education, P.O. Box 38 (Ratakatu 6A) 00014 University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland.
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Doctoral Dissertations
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Helsinki Univ., (Finland). Dept. of Teacher Education.
Identifiers - Location: Finland (Helsinki)