ERIC Number: ED363598
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1993-Aug
Teaching as Therapy: Conveying Thinkers to Holonomy.
Stoner, Mark; Martin, Linda
Therapy provides a useful model for teaching critical thinking by placing thinking processes in the context of the whole person. Critical thinking is grounded in the language skills of the student as the student attempts to construct a structure of reality that is well-adapted to the student's relational contexts. The didactic model of teaching does little to facilitate students learning how to adapt creatively to the changing world in which they exist; in fact, a didactic approach not only inhibits holonomy in students, but actually contributes to inappropriate, ineffective, and unhealthy coping responses by creating schizophrenogenic environments. The therapeutic approach to teaching involves skillful listening and questioning to develop insight into student thinking patterns and responding to the student by summarizing, clarifying, synthesizing, acknowledging, and empathizing. With a commitment to a therapeutic approach to teaching, teachers can ensure that the students become thoughtful and confident in their ability to think critically about significant problems and communicate their conclusions to others. (Contains 23 references.) (JDD)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Conference on Critical Thinking and Educational Reform (13th, Sonoma, CA, August 1-4, 1993).