ERIC Number: ED363593
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1993-May
A Report on Reports: Two Dilemmas of Genre Teaching.
Cazden, Courtney B.
Through focusing on the genre of informational reports, two dilemmas of genre teaching are explored: (1) a teaching dilemma about how to help students achieve flexible writing competencies through a combination of immersion in text exemplars and instruction in text features; and (2) a curriculum dilemma about how to combine the goals of socialization and critique. The challenge of preparing students to have deep understanding, independent thinking, and critical judgment is hampered by the fact-based, non-evaluative form of information reports frequently required of students. Reports that are fact-based should be enriched by contextualized variations, and should be the beginning of flexible concepts and skills. The teaching strategy most likely to achieve flexible competencies is to give students a formulaic utterance that works for a particular communicative purpose and then to provide situational contexts that motivate appropriate modifications. The social history of the informational report indicates that this report form has a hidden curriculum and promotes a particular kind of knowledge. The kind of knowledge that counts is objective, universally recognized facts; there is no recognition of the specific audience of the report or any indication of evaluation. Both text forms and critical forms of reports should be taught, even with the youngest children. (Contains 22 references.) (JDD)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Information Analyses; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Australia