ERIC Number: ED363557
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1993-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Visions of Mary Wollstonecraft: Implications for Education.
Manus, Alice L.
This paper discusses the educational and social philosophy of Mary Wollstonecraft, an English writer of the 18th century. Her works included "Vindication of the Rights of Man," and her best know work, "Vindication of the Rights of Woman" which was published in 1792 and consisted of the first sustained argument for female emancipation based on a cogent ethical system. Wollstonecraft was the first woman to pick up the mantle of egalitarianism challenging the prevailing ideology of the divine right of kings and the inherent natural rights of man and woman. She believed that the development of reason would enlighten man of his error, and only by his acting upon his reason, would virtue be gained and injustice abolished. Wollstonecraft perceived education as the apex in creating a new world order. She believed that the education females received in 18th century England subjugated them to male authority by denying them the development of their ability to reason. She perceived education as improvement of the individual and improvement of the social order. The new educational paradigm which Wollstonecraft envisioned was one based on reason and coeducation. In her time period, any of the suggestions given by Wollstonecraft were considered extremist; yet today, over 200 years later, they formulate many of our educational precepts. Reading "Vindication of the Rights of Woman," one discovers that her argument for the emancipation of women is based on the right to education. She envisioned a national system of education whose focus would be on the formation of good citizens. (DK)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: United Kingdom (England)