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ERIC Number: ED363524
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1991
Pages: 7
Abstractor: N/A
Orientation and Intentionality as Components of Creative Musical Activity.
Kratus, John
Research Perspectives in Music Education, n2 p4-8 Fall 1991
The view of musical creativity as spanning a continuum from the noises of the unschooled young child to the artistry of the trained professional fails to account for fundamental, developmental differences in the creators' perspectives. This paper seeks to distinguish two ways in which the creative functioning of the child or novice differ from that of the knowledgeable creative musician. One can approach musical creation either with a process or a product orientation. The question is whether it is the creator's intent to produce a product or engage in the creative process for its own sake. A young child will explore sounds for his own pleasure rather than a product that benefits an audience. Evidence exists for proposing a developmental progression from process to product orientation. Intentionality also enters into the equation. When a student creates music, it may not reflect the intent of the creator. The variables of creative ability, orientation to process or product, and the use of time in creating music are elements of intentionality. Given the concepts of orientation and intentionality, creative musical activity can be divided into: (1) exploration, (2) improvisation as a process, (3) improvisation as a product, and (4) composition. Researchers should examine the processes of children's musical activities, rather than the products. Instructors can help students move from process to product orientation. (SG)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive; Journal Articles
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Teachers; Researchers; Practitioners
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A