ERIC Number: ED363491
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1993-Oct
Reference Count: N/A
A National Survey of Distance Education Use in Rural School Districts of 300 Students or Less.
Barker, Bruce O.; Hall, Robert F.
Distance education technologies can help rural schools overcome the disadvantages of geographic isolation by expanding course offerings and learning opportunities and by connecting teachers with resource materials and training programs. Classroom-focused distance learning is distance insensitive and implies simultaneous instruction of several small groups of students at different sites. Network-focused distance learning, on the other hand, is both distance and time insensitive and connotes the use of information sources such as electronic mail, bulletin boards, and databases. A nationwide survey examined distance education practices at 130 rural K-12 public schools in 32 states. Each school comprised an entire school district and enrolled 300 students or less. Half of the schools received classroom-focused learning programs. Satellite-based delivery was the most commonly used technology, followed by cable television. Secondary students were clearly the target audience, with less than 10 percent of distance learning programs intended for elementary students. Staff development programs were used by many schools but typically did not exceed 15-20 hours per year. Principals indicated that the greatest programming needs were in foreign languages, mathematics, science, and vocational education. Half felt that parents and teachers strongly supported distance learning and that teachers would pursue graduate degree programs through distance learning if available. Includes the survey questionnaire. (SV)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Western Illinois Univ., Macomb. Illinois Inst. for Rural Affairs.
Authoring Institution: N/A