ERIC Number: ED363430
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1993
Reference Count: N/A
The Unfair Search for Child Care: Working Moms, Poverty, and the Unequal Supply of Preschools across America.
Fuller, Bruce; Liang, Xiaoyan
This paper reports on the sharp disparities in the supply of preschools across the 100 counties and 36 states included in this study. Three sets of factors help explain these inequities in child-care supply: (1) local patterns of wealth, poverty, and maternal employment; (2) the structure of families; and (3) government subsidy levels. Among the 25 percent most affluent counties surveyed, a preschool class-group is available for every 45 children aged 3 to 5 years. Among the lowest quartile of counties, a class-group is available for every 77 children. Twice as many preschools are available in the Northeast for working-class and poor families than are available in the South. Those counties with the highest population of young, dual-wage, upwardly mobile families have the most abundant supply of preschools. Large urban counties, possessing a relatively large share of families living below the poverty line, attract more child care subsidies per capita from governmental agencies than poor rural counties in the South and Midwest. Two appendixes provide tables of statistical analyses of counties' family size and age structure and the influence of state regulation on child care supply. Contains 51 references. (MDM)
Descriptors: Day Care, Day Care Centers, Differences, Economic Factors, Employed Women, Government Role, Grants, Local Norms, National Surveys, Poverty, Preschool Education, Regional Characteristics, Socioeconomic Influences, Supply and Demand
Helen Rodriquez, Harvard University, 427 Gutman Library, Appian Way, Cambridge, MA 02138 ($12).
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Lilly Endowment, Inc., Indianapolis, IN.
Authoring Institution: Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA.