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ERIC Number: ED363408
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1993-Mar
Pages: 9
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Attentional Predispositions and Linguistic Sensitivity in the Acquisition of Object Words.
Echols, Catharine H.
Studies have investigated and proposed different potential influences on children's initial mappings of object words to referents. Each proposal is a variant on the idea that children use one source of evidence about the structure of word meanings or of grammar to discover other forms of structure, and in doing so they "bootstrap" their way into language competence. Research suggests that young infants are coming to the task of language learning attending to labeled events in ways that may assist language learning. Infants as young as 9 months appear to be focusing more selectively on objects, as long as the object is consistent, when an event is labeled. Studies also suggest that infants are becoming sensitive to structure in the input from an early age. By the age of 13 months, certain linguistic frames seem to be more effective than others in directing infants' attention toward objects. Thus, both prelinguistic attentional biases and sensitivity to linguistic structure may be interacting early in the language learning process to facilitate the acquisition of word meaning. (MM)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A