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ERIC Number: ED363391
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1993-Mar
Pages: 11
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Intergenerational Continuities: The Influence of the Mother-Grandmother Relationship on Parenting of Young African-American Mothers.
Wakschlag, Lauren S.; And Others
A study examined adolescent and young mothers' parenting competence as a function of the quality of their relationship with their own mothers. The study focused on child-rearing in families of young African American mothers in which multigenerational patterns of caregiving and co-residence were prevalent. Data were derived from a longitudinal study of low-income African American mothers begun 20 years ago. The original adolescent mothers, now in their mid-30s, participated in the present study as grandmothers along with their daughters, who became mothers in adolescence or young adulthood, and their 3-year-old children. Mother-grandmother and parent-child interactions were assessed using videotaped problem-solving tasks; mother-grandmother interaction was assessed in a structured disagreement task using the Scale of Intergenerational Relationship Quality instrument. Four variables analyzed were: (1) emotional closeness; (2) positive affect; (3) grandmother assertiveness; and (4) mother autonomy. Findings indicated that mothers who interacted with their own mothers in a more mature, flexible, and autonomous fashion were likely to be facilitative, provide emotional support, be affectively positive, and have disciplinary styles characterized by warmth and appropriate control with their children. Mothers' ability to communicate clearly and assert their separateness while maintaining an atmosphere of mutuality with their own mothers was directly related to effective parenting. (SM)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A