ERIC Number: ED363236
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1990
Reference Count: N/A
Minority Women in Higher Education: Status and Challenges.
Hayes, Mabel E.
This paper analyzes the status of minority women in higher education in relation to recruitment, retention, fair employment, and equity. Recent research on the American Professoriate showed women made up 27 percent of full-time faculty members and that 10 percent of full- and part-time faculty members are members of a minority. In the California State University system, minority women make up less than 3 percent of all full-time faculty. Minority faculty recruitment and employment have not continued earlier gains due to lowered affirmative action standards, smaller candidate pools, and retention difficulties. Some charge devaluation of minority faculty research and higher teaching loads as causes of low tenure rates. Data on salaries and career tracks (which diverge increasingly at higher ranks) suggest that equity for women does not currently exist. The paper argues that as women rise in the professions, they are stymied by the remaining force of the old social norms that in the past barred women from public life generally. With regard to graduate and professional education, the numbers of Black and Hispanic women in higher education more than doubled from 1966 to 1976 though Black enrollment fell from 1976 to 1986. Of those minority women earning doctorates, a lower percentage than Whites plan careers in academics. (Contains an 18-item bibliography.) (JB)
Descriptors: Academic Rank (Professional), Asian Americans, Blacks, College Administration, College Faculty, Comparable Worth, Doctoral Degrees, Employment Level, Faculty Promotion, Higher Education, Hispanic Americans, Minority Groups, School Holding Power, Sex Differences, Sex Discrimination, Teacher Salaries, Women Faculty
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Information Analyses; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A