ERIC Number: ED363124
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1993-Apr
German Language and Education in Pennsylvania, 1683-1911: Cultural Resistance and State Accommodation.
Desmond, Cheryl T.
This research investigated the nature of the language and educational experiences of the Germans who emigrated to the province and later, to the state of Pennsylvania. German migration into Pennsylvania began in 1683, peaked during the years 1717 through 1754, and continued throughout the nineteenth century. The research indicated that both official and unofficial colonial and state attempts were made to Anglicize the Germans through the use of the English language in schooling for the Germans. The Germans, nonetheless, strongly resisted these efforts to displace their "Muttersprach" through private schooling, political participation in local and state affairs, and through public support of substantial German language instruction in the common schools until the advent of World War I. These findings call into question research that concluded that an American tradition of bilingual education consisted strictly of local experiments in large, urban Midwestern and Southwestern schools and supports scholarship that has maintained that the United States granted language rights to its earliest minorities. (Author/JP)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Pennsylvania