ERIC Number: ED363115
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1993-Oct-3
The Study on Reading Strategy of Students Learning Japanese as a Second Language.
A study investigated whether a classification scheme for learning strategies used in ESL (English-as-a-Second-Language) instruction is applicable to strategies used in learning Japanese as a second language. Four metacognitive strategies were examined (directed attention, selective attention, self-monitoring, self-management). Subjects were 30 students of Japanese enrolled in a college summer language school and performing at three proficiency levels (beginning, intermediate, advanced). They answered a questionnaire concerning their use of eight reading strategies (inferencing, keyword method, grouping, resourcing, transfer, elaboration, imagery, deduction). Results indicate patterns in the use of metacognitive and cognitive strategies. Students predominantly reported using self-management; students at all levels reported using inferencing most frequently and resourcing next most frequently. Lower-level students used more imagery and elaboration than higher-level students, and higher-level students used keyword, transfer, and deduction more than lower-level students. Pre- and posttests indicated that advanced students showed much smaller achievement gains per strategy used than did intermediate students. It is concluded that a strategy classification scheme based on the distinction between cognitive and metacognitive strategies could be useful in linking specific learning tasks with cognitive strategies and instructional level. The questionnaire is appended. (MSE)
Descriptors: Achievement Gains, Classification, College Students, Comparative Analysis, Difficulty Level, English (Second Language), Higher Education, Japanese, Language Proficiency, Learning Strategies, Questionnaires, Reading Strategies, Second Language Instruction, Second Language Learning, Second Languages
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Midwest Conference on Asian Affairs (Cleveland, OH, October 1993).