ERIC Number: ED363086
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1992
The Effects of Stimulant Medication on Children with Attention Deficit Disorder. A Review of Reviews. Education of Children with Attention Deficit Disorder.
Swanson, James M.
This report provides a review of reviews concerning the effects of stimulant medication on children with attention deficit disorders (ADD) conducted by a special federally funded center at the University of California (Irvine). Both computer searching and nomination by ADD experts were used to identify the 336 reviews examined. All reviews were systematically examined for information in 10 critical areas: (1) response rate, (2) effects on diagnostic symptoms, (3) effects of associated features, (4) side effects, (5) long term effects, (6) paradoxical response, (7) effects on high order processes, (8) prediction of response, (9) recommendations about clinical use, and (10) recommendations for multimodality treatment. Substantial consensus was found about the effects of stimulant medication--in most cases a clear and immediate short term benefit is perceived in symptoms and associated features of ADD. Persistent controversies about stimulant medication concern the lack of diagnostic specificity for short term effects, the lack of effects on learning or complex cognitive skills, potential side effects and adverse effects, and the lack of evidence of significant long term effects. A complete list of the reviews is provided. (DB)
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services (ED), Washington, DC. Div. of Innovation and Development.
Authoring Institution: California Univ., Irvine. ADD Center.
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A
Note: For related documents, see EC 302 549-554.