ERIC Number: ED362801
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1993-Apr
HIV Testing among College Students.
Hitchcock, Daryl L.; And Others
An increase of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) throughout the world cuts across age, ethnic, gender, and sexual orientation groups. It is imperative that people find out if they are carrying the disease. Many still continue to engage in high risk behaviors in ignorance, putting themselves and their partners at risk. The relationships among fear of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS), history of HIV testing, and anticipated HIV testing in the next 5 years, and their relationship to age, gender, ethnicity, and knowing someone who is HIV-positive or who has AIDS were examined among 131 undergraduate university students with an average age of 23.05 years. Fear of AIDS was related only to gender, replicating earlier findings that men have stronger fears. Whether or not the subject had been tested was related to history of high risk behaviors and knowing someone who was HIV-positive or who had AIDS. Estimated likelihood of being tested in the next 5 years was related to having been previously tested, engaging in high risk behaviors, and knowing someone who was HIV-positive or who had AIDS. Unfortunately, many subjects who reported engaging in high risk behaviors reported neither being tested nor an anticipation of being tested. Results suggest a strong need for expanded education on the array of high risk behaviors and the ethics of subjecting partners to the risk of infection. (Author)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Western Psychological Association (73rd, Phoenix, AZ, April 22-26, 1993).