ERIC Number: ED362676
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1992-May
Reference Count: N/A
Part-Time Employment Transitions among Young Women. Data from the National Longitudinal Surveys. Work and Family. Report 824.
Bureau of Labor Statistics (DOL), Washington, DC.
The transitions of women into and out of part-time work were studied by examining the same women over time, using data from the Young Women's cohort of the National Longitudinal Surveys. Two groups of women were studied: those who were aged 29-33 in 1978 and those who were 29-33 in 1983. The labor force transitions of the two groups were compared over a 5-year period. Some of the findings of the study were as follows: (1) in 1978, 62.2 percent of the women in the sample age were in the labor force--62.5 percent of them worked full time, 31 percent worked part time, and 6 percent were unemployed; (2) by 1983, the labor force participation rate increased to 73 percent--59 percent worked full time, 35 percent part time, and 6 percent were unemployed; (3) about three-fourths of those who worked full-time in 1978 were full-time workers in 1983, and half of the part-timers in 1978 were full-time workers in 1983; (4) most of the women who moved out of part-time work during the 5-year period moved into full-time work; (5) of those who were not in the labor force in 1978, nearly half were in the labor force in 1983, most working part-time; (6) in 1988, labor force participation increased to 80 percent, with 69 percent working full-time and 28 percent part-time; (7) for both groups, labor market status remained fairly stable over 5 years, with three-quarters of the women remaining in full-time work; (8) women who were married and worked part-time in 1978 but were no longer married in in 1983 were more likely to work full-time in 1983; (9) women who were not married in 1978 and got married by 1983 were even more likely to work full-time in 1983; (10) among women who added a child between 1978 and 1983, more moved into full-time work (37 percent) than dropped out of the labor force (15 percent); and (11) women who had a child age 5 or under in the household in both 1978 and 1983 were the most likely to remain as part-time workers. The study concluded that transitions from part-time work are only very loosely tied to changes in the presence of a young child. (KC)
Publication Type: Numerical/Quantitative Data; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Bureau of Labor Statistics (DOL), Washington, DC.