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ERIC Number: ED362620
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1990-Dec
Pages: 109
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Hmong Concepts of Parenthood and the Family in the United States.
Hughes, Mary Katherine
The cultural values of Hmong parents in the Hmong community of Spokane (Washington) are described and interpreted. The perceptions of Hmong refugee mothers and fathers resettled in the United States are examined with regard to the family and their roles as parents. The cultural values of the Laotian Hmong are also examined prior to and during the Laotian Civil War, with an emphasis on the cultural patterns vested in the Hmong family. Approximately 70 families and 400 individuals made up Spokane's Hmong community in 1989. More than 30 parents responded to a survey about parenting. Parent values in this community vary by education level, fluency in English, and age, with the oldest parents the most traditional, and the youngest parents the most acculturated. Lack of financial resources is an overriding problem for the Hmong, complicated by cultural changes brought on by immigration, such as less child-rearing assistance than the traditional family provided. The expectations of Hmong parents differ from those of Anglo-American parents, particularly in areas of sex role and children's respect toward parents. The Hmong frequently believe in corporal punishment, but there is evidence that some Hmong parents are changing their parenting styles as they and their children adjust to the United States. Appendix A contains the parent survey in English and Hmong, and Appendix B discusses some Hmong concepts and traditions. (Contains 107 references.) (SLD)
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Masters Theses; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Washington