ERIC Number: ED362607
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1993-Jul
Reference Count: N/A
Risk, Resilience, and Development: The Multiple Ecologies of Black Adolescents.
Nettles, Saundra Murray; Pleck, Joseph H.
This report examines protective factors and the process of resilience as they apply to Black adolescents. The report reviews risk factors at the individual level and at the community level, and reviews the incidence of health- and life-compromising risk outcomes in Black adolescents. It then discusses protective factors and resilience and their roles in interventions. Individual-level risk factors include personality, sociodemographic factors, and problem behaviors. Community-level risk factors include neighborhood factors, school characteristics, and racial discrimination. Health- and life-compromising risk outcomes in Black adolescents include health, school completion and school-related problems, employability, police involvement, risky sexual behavior, alcohol and drug use, psychological symptoms and suicide. Studies of resilience in Black adolescents are rare, but some attempts have been made to identify protective factors related to delayed childbearing and coping after childbearing, success in academic settings, and development in community settings. Black adolescents have been participants in many major social- and health-oriented programs, and an examination of the content of the various interventions suggests that programs may be defined as means whereby protective mechanisms are provided or set in motion. The report suggests adjustments to interventions that are needed to sustain favorable outcomes. (One figure illustrates the discussion. Contains 106 references.) (Author)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Adolescent Development, Adolescents, Behavior Patterns, Black Students, Black Youth, Delinquency, Disadvantaged Youth, Ecological Factors, Elementary Secondary Education, High Risk Students, Institutional Characteristics, Intervention, Predictor Variables, Program Evaluation, Racial Discrimination, Youth Problems
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Center for Research on Effective Schooling for Disadvantaged Students, Baltimore, MD.