ERIC Number: ED362527
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1993-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Semantic Differential Comparisons of Attributions and Dimensions among Seven Nations.
Chandler, Theodore A.; Spies, Carl J.
The classifications of 11 attributions according to dimensions of locus, stability, controllability, predictability, and globality by participants in 7 countries (China, France, Germany, Hong Kong, Israel, Spain, and the United States) were compared in a cross-cultural study. The attributions were: (1) bias; (2) help; (3) luck; (4) ability; (5) competence; (6) effort; (7) task; (8) chance; (9) knowledge; (10) skill; and (11) mood. It was hypothesized that different cultures would assign different meanings to attributions according to the dimensions. Participants from the 7 countries were 1,145 undergraduate and graduate students and lay individuals (over age 35 with no formal education beyond high school). Nine of the 11 attributions could be validly compared, but bias and competence were not comparable across the countries. Subjects from all countries perceived ability, mood, skill, and knowledge as internal. All countries except Israel (neutral position) perceived chance and task as external. In all countries, effort was seen as controllable. Israelis were neutral with regard to skill and knowledge, but other countries perceived these attributions as controllable. Luck was generally perceived as uncontrollable, with luck and chance seen as unstable. Average values were seldom found at the extremes. The most significant differences were found for Israel, and these were findings that could be reflected in a greater sense of control of one's destiny and more perceived power. Five tables summarize study findings. (Contains 9 references.) (SLD)
Descriptors: Ability, Adults, Attribution Theory, Bias, Comparative Analysis, Competence, Cross Cultural Studies, Cultural Differences, Foreign Countries, Global Approach, Graduate Students, Helping Relationship, Higher Education, International Studies, Knowledge Level, Locus of Control, Predictive Measurement, Reliability, Semantics, Skills, Undergraduate Students
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: China; France; Germany; Hong Kong; Israel; Spain; United States