ERIC Number: ED362360
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1991-Jul
Reference Count: N/A
The Occupational Mobility of Current and Former Farm Workers: A Comparative Analysis in Two California Labor Markets. California Agricultural Studies, 91-3.
Gabbard, Susan; Goldring, Luin
This report examines the occupational mobility of agricultural workers in two California labor markets and the effects of the Immigration Reform and Control Act and individual, job, and labor-market characteristics on such mobility. Interviews were conducted among a randomly selected sample of 162 households, which included 401 workers in southern California and 156 workers in Watsonville (northern California). In both sites farm workers tended to be young Mexican males with low levels of education. Mobility out of agriculture was much higher in southern than northern California, possibly because the demand for farm labor is diminishing in southern California and there is a larger discrepancy in benefits and working conditions between farm and nonfarm sectors. Workers with more education (particularly U.S. education) and female workers were more likely to leave farm work or to bypass agriculture entirely, compared to less educated or male workers. There was no relationship between legal status of the worker and the decision to leave farm work, nor was legal status a barrier to nonfarm employment. This report contains many descriptive tables. (LP)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Department of Labor, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: California State Dept. of Employment Development, Sacramento.
Identifiers - Location: California
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Immigration Reform and Control Act 1986