ERIC Number: ED362356
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1993
Reference Count: N/A
Freedom of Religion: A Time for Justice. Second Special Edition.
Ramirez, Ray, Ed.
NARF Legal Review, v18 n2 Sum 1993
This special theme issue outlines the history of discrimination against traditional Native American religions, including recent Supreme Court decisions. "Discrimination and Native American Religious Rights," by Senator Daniel K. Inouye, discusses the compelling government interest in eradicating discrimination and describes two Supreme Court decisions denying constitutional protection of tribal sacred sites and the practices of minority religions. "The Repression of Indian Religious Freedom," by Patricia Nelson Limerick, examines the history of federal policies suppressing Indian religious liberty. Public policy long assumed that the "civilization" of the Indians and their conversion to Christianity were inseparable. During the 19th century, a missionary movement swept through the United States, and federal funds for Indian education provided partial support for missionary schools. The question of religious liberty was viewed as a matter among Christian churches and not applicable to Indian spiritual practices. In the 1880s, the Department of the Interior created courts of Indian offenses, which targeted both religious practices and customs that were considered antithethical to the work ethic (such as sharing property). The campaign against Indian religions was ultimately a campaign against the Indian family because it sought to assimilate the younger generation by removing the influence of the elders. This issue also includes an explanation of the Native American Free Exercise of Religion Act of 1993, introduced by Senator Inouye, and a list of publications on federal Indian education laws, tribal government, and tribal economic development. (SV)
Publication Type: Collected Works - Serials; Historical Materials; Legal/Legislative/Regulatory Materials
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Native American Rights Fund, Boulder, CO.