ERIC Number: ED362311
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1993-Mar
Early Intervention for Low Birth Weight, Premature Infants: Participation and Intellectual Development.
Blair, Clancy; And Others
The Infant Health and Development Program (IHDP), an eight-site randomized controlled trial of a comprehensive intervention program combining home visits, child centers, and parent meetings with pediatric follow-up and referral, effectively reduced the incidence of health and developmental problems in a sample of 377 low birth weight, premature infants when compared to a control group of 608 infants during the first 3 years of life. This secondary study examined the relationship between participation in the IHDP and IQ, both at individual time points and for the developmental course of intelligence. At 12 months of age, no relationship between participation and IQ was evident, while at 24 months higher IQ was associated with increased levels of participation in years 1 and 2 of the study. At 36 months of age higher IQ was associated with increased levels of participation in all 3 years of the study. These relationships existed even after taking into account aspects of children's pre-intervention status known to be associated with intellectual development. These results are interpreted as providing support for the idea that the quality and type of experience gained in the first 3 years of life are of major importance for developing cognitive abilities. (Author/MDM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Child Health and Human Development (NIH), Bethesda, MD.; Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, New Brunswick, NJ.; Health Resources and Services Administration (DHHS/PHS), Rockville, MD. Office for Maternal and Child Health Services.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development (60th, New Orleans, LA, March 25-28, 1993).