ERIC Number: ED362299
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1993-Jun
Mother-Child Communication and Acceptance Moderates Relations between Children's Appraisals and Their Adjustment to Parental Divorce.
Mazur, Elizabeth; Wolchik, Sharlene
Research indicates that a secure relationship with the custodial parent buffers children from some of the negative consequences of divorce. To test the hypothesis that the quality of open communication between mothers and children as well as their perceptions of acceptance and rejection moderate children's appraisals of divorce and their psychological adjustment, a study was conducted of 79 custodial, unremarried mothers and their children, ages 9 to 12, who had experienced divorce within the previous 24 months. Participants were interviewed and administered tests measuring children's cognition about divorce, mother-child communication, subjects' perceptions of acceptance and rejection, children's psychological adjustment, and mothers' perceptions of children's behavior and competence. The study found that the relation between children's negative cognitive errors; children's self-reports of aggression, anxiety, and depression; and mothers' reports of children's academic performance were moderated by high mother-child communication. However, mothers' social support was found to be beneficial primarily for children who did not tend to make negatively biased appraisals related to divorce, and not protective of children who did. (Contains 10 references.) (BCY)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (Chicago, IL, June 1993).